How Anglicism is used cast in the Italian role-playing community? How common is the verb cast? And the adjective castable? And the name caster? We find out in this linguistic study!

At the end of 2021 we had a linguistic study on an Anglicism that the Italian role-playing community uses a lot: spell.
It goes without saying, therefore, that the next step would have been the analysis of the other more commonly used Anglicism alongside spell: cast. After a little survey on our group The Shipwrecked of Atlantis, we therefore decided to take a look at how our community uses the verb cast. But why stop only at the verb? Why not see if they are also used cast, caster e casting how names? And castable as an adjective?

In this article, then we will see how these Anglicisms came into use in our community.
But beware: the purpose of this article (as of all our linguistic insights!) Is not to say if cast should or should not be used, or how you should use that term. This article is for the sole purpose of take a picture of the current use of this term by the community: it is not a judgment, but a description.
Feel free and free to use cast (e cast, casting, caster, castable) as you prefer.

For the analysis of cast, Facebook groups were used as basins for data collection Dungeons & Dragons ® 5th Edition Italy e Pathfinder RPG Itaread.

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An example of the use of castare. Post by Alessio Sicuri on Dungeons & Dragons ® 5th Edition Italy
An example of the use of cast. Alessio Sicuri's post on Dungeons & Dragons ® 5th Edition Italy

LINGUISTICS OF ROLE GAMES: OUR OTHER ARTICLES

If you want to take a look at our other linguistic insights, here they are:
The spell or the spell?
Review bombing or review bomb?
Homebrew, how do you use it in Italian?
Hack it or hack it? Apostrophe yes or no?
The quickstart or the quickstart?
The retcon or the retcon?
The master, the master or the mistress?

To cast (a spell): usage and meaning in English

In his most common use, the verb to cast means to launch, which can have both literal meaning (roll a dice, cast a dice), is figurative (take a look, cast a glance). Furthermore, to cast has, among its secondary meanings, that of arrange, therefore also in the sense of assign a role, hence its cinematic meaning that we commonly know.
To cast it can also be associated with the action of casting a supernatural effect, such as a curse (cast a curse) or a spell (cast a spell). In the latter context, to cast is widely used in role play manuals to describe the action of, in fact, cast a spell, which is how this form is translated in Italian manuals.

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The verb cast: how is it used?

Among the two Facebook groups analyzed, the verb cast was used well 300 times higher: 132 times in the group of D&D and 168 in that of Pathfinder.
In both groups we see quite similar uses, as seen in the pie charts above. The verb to cast it is morphologically adapted to Italian, acquiring the verbal suffix -are , which is the only productive in Italian and therefore we use for all neologisms.

Present infinitive and present indicative: the most common uses

The most common use of cast is certainly the one atinfinite present (cast, in fact), sometimes also with a clitic pronoun (cast her), as seen in the examples below:

you should have seen him cast
you can cast her with shield in hand
stop a cast in the middle to cast more
Cast without an arm

The second most frequent use is, as you can well imagine, that ofindicative presente, which is seen above all in the singular (I chaste, you chaste, he casts):

find one who casts you regeneration 😉
If a 20th-level sorcerer casts the spell "Arcane Disjunction"
I cast him in the turn of what comes after me

Gerund, subjunctive and conditional: less common, but interesting uses

In both groups we see then a certain use of the verb al present gerund, especially in the construct stare + casting, which is the so-called continuous periphrasis. This is due to the fact that a certain part of the discussions in which the verb appears cast concern the possibility of being able to counter the casting of a spell while it is being carried out.

is casting with Subtle Spell
is casting a spell
Casting occulting haze
then another 5 swinging always casting the spell

All other uses are pretty occasional, so there isn't much to say. Certainly, however, it is interesting to see how this verb is also used in uncommon ways in writing on the web (subjunctive e conditional), therefore also in sentences of a certain syntactic complexity.
This shows us how who uses the verb cast I have it perfectly integrated into our verbal morphology: cast it is no longer a novelty that generates uncertainty, but it is used with the same ease with which we use our own verbs.

would you cast as a sorcerer of 8lv
The only thing I remember casting with Str was version 3.0 of the psychometabolist
if he had action surge, and cast nothing as a bonus he could cast any two spells
at lvl 9 you'd be 9th-level casterates haha

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Casting and derivatives in Dungeons & Dragons ® 5th Edition Italy
Casting and derivatives in Dungeons & Dragons ® 5th Edition Italy

cast, casting e caster: how are they used?

Let us now see how the derivative nouns of the verb to cast are used by our community.
There are no particular differences between the Pathfinder And that of D&D: all three names are used with the same frequency. cast is the most common, followed by caster, with casting that comes as a tail.

The cast / the launch: a deverbal name on which everyone agrees

First, the most common is the name cast, that is used in place of launching, therefore to indicate the action of casting the spell. You can see some examples below:

identify A generic cast
the cast of spells in threatened box ...
maybe this cast has limits that I have not yet grasped?
“Preparing” the components for a cast is a free action
do you think it is possible to take a 5ft step while casting a spell?

Both in the community of D&D 5e, both in that of Pathfinder, cast is always used with the genre male, which is not at all obvious: in fact, there are many English ludic loans that have a very fluctuating use between masculine and feminine, in Italian (the spell/the spell, the retcon/the retcon)!
In this sense, let us remember that, as Anglicism, originally cast it does not have a grammatical gender, but it is given one in Italian in a more or less arbitrary way.
This is probably due to the fact that users associate cast to its Italian translation, launching. In this context, therefore, cast is considered as a deverbal name, just like its Italian counterpart launching.

Casting: a synonym for cast/launching

Although in smaller quantities, the name is also found casting, which is basically a infinitive noun of to cast.
In terms of meaning, however, casting is used as synonym of cast/launching, not as a synonym for cast/to launch, as seen in the examples below:

casting stage
it is "recognizable" as a spell casting
the mechanics of casting
an obstacle to casting my spell
The only things that cancel verbal casting are spell
changes the casting from arcane to psychic

If we take these examples and replace casting with launching e to launch, in fact, let's see how the version that sounds more grammatical to us is the one with launching, while the one with to launch is agrammatic (indicated by *):

is "recognizable" as throwing / * casting spell
the mechanics of throwing / * throwing
an obstacle to throwing / * throwing of my spell
The only things that cancel the cast / * verbal cast are spell
change the cast / * cast from arcane to psychic

Caster: A nomen agentis alternating with the Italian equivalent

Finally, caster is another name derived from to cast, but which in this case indicates the individual carrying out the action. In this sense, caster it's a nomen agentis, as pitcher/trice, soccer player/trice e referee. Caster corresponds to Italian charmer/trice, with respect to which it is used as a synonym.
Caster is always used al male, since it indicates either a male character, or the generic role of the caster. Here are some examples:

cut the tongue to a caster
help to better choose the spells for the two casters
Now I have often played non-caster
the power of casters
With casters taking X rounds

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Casting and derivatives in Pathfinder RPG Italy
Casting and derivatives in Pathfinder GdR Italy

Castable: an adjective that tells us things about the verb cast

Finally, we see the only adjective derived from cast, Namely castable.
It is formed thanks to the addition of the suffix -clever, which is used to create adjectives that express the possibility of what is predicated by the verb. Castable derived from cast (and not from to cast!), because all adjectives in -clever are formed from verbs of the first conjugation (-are ).
This shows us how much the verb is now cast has become productive in the use of our community: not only is it widely used in many ways and tenses, but it also gives rise to adjective derivatives!
Here are some examples:

according to you it is castable through walls
if the spell is castable with a bonus action
+2 spell of max castable level at each level up
therefore castabile before the trouble starts
You can also choose 2 additional spells that are 1 level lower than the maximum castable
Not really a castable spell in XD combat

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Spell and Counterspell Wizards, by Biffno
Wizards who fight to the sound of spells and counterspell, di Biffno

Summing up: so what did we understand from all this?

Well, what these data and these pie charts tell us about cast and derivatives?
How spell, also cast it is an Anglicism which has now become widely used of the Italian role-playing community, at least in the context of those who play a d20system.
The verb cast it is very well attested and can be seen used in a wide range of forms. Furthermore, we have also seen it give life to an adjectival derivative, castable. This shows us what this term has now been internalized by users, who use it without problems and uncertainties.
We also see used, although to a lesser extent, names derived from the English verb to cast (the cast, the casting, the caster), which are used as a synonym for their Italian translations (launching e intantatore).

In general, it is likely that cast is used by our gaming community such as a more specific and quasi-technical version of to launch, which can be more uniquely referred to the action of cast a spell (therefore opposed to the generic throw something).
Hence, we often see used in our community cast right in place of the constituent cast a spell.

to lvl 9 would you casterate 9th level haha> to lvl 9 you would cast spells 9th level haha
when casti you have to use the voice> when you cast spells you have to use your voice

However, this is not always true: sometimes, in fact, we find cast that holds up Magic spell, spell or the name of the specific spell. This means, therefore, that sometimes this verb is used just in place of to launch:

is casting a spell> stay throwing a spell
Spells castati by object properties> Spells launched by property of objects
as a reaction chaste shield> as a reaction launching Shield

So, in short, cast is probably perceived as a technical term of our community and is related to the idea of cast a spell, but it is used quite resiliently.

Read also: THE SPELL OR THE SPELL? LANGUAGE IN-DEPTH